Hemu Kalani A freedom fighter lost in the pages of history.

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Hemu Kalani

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Hemu Kalani A freedom fighter lost in the pages of history

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Shaheed Hemu Kalani’s home

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Mrs Indiara Gandhi with Hemu’s Mother Jethi bai and Brother
Photo Courtesy -Dr Amir Soomro

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Statue of HEMU KALANI at Ulhasnagar

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The Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee unveiled the statue of Shaheed Hemu Kalani, in New Delhi on August 21, 2003 (Thursday).
Also in the picture – Sh L.K. Advani & Mrs. Sonia Gandhi

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Amar Shaheed Hemu Kalani

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Celebrate Hemu Kalani sacrifice Day in pali today

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Pershotam Hiranandani, Kamla Kalani, Nand Javeri and Dr. Amir Soomro at
Shaheed Hemu Kalani Yadgar Mandal Chembur Bombay)

Hemu Kalani, born in Sukkur (Old Sukkur) 23 March 1923, his father’s name was Pesumal, occupationally Contactor, and his mother’s name was Jethi Bayi. His real name was “Raahi Heman”, but every one called him as “Hemu Kalani”. 1942, when the Mahtma Gandhi, issued last calls for independence from the british rule. He delivered an atractived speech, asked every indian to lay down their life. It was called Quite Indian Movment. Mahatma told “Do or Die” In the same year, hemu kalani passed out the Matriculation (10 standard) exam with flying marks. He was really impressed by the revolution heroes who changed the history. And he wishes do something for his motherland just like his heroes. In the midnight of 23 October 1942, Hemu kalani and his friends came to know that a freight train is coming carrying bombs and weapons to resist the Indian Freedom Movements. This is why he and his friends planed to derail the train and destroy rail road so that train could not reach to its destination. At the midnight when they start pulling the sleepers and destroying the rail road, a police soldier saw them and chase them to capture. All his friends were succeed to escape except Hemu Kalani. (here, I want to share another thing, Dr. Amir Abas Soomro wrote in his book name “Hind Ji Sindhin Ji Katha” [story of Indian Sindhies] stated once he met to (brother of Hemu Kalani) occpationaly building matrialist, during a long coversation with his brother he was shared us another thing that actualy when Hemu distroying the sleeprs, a biscuit factory was situated near by that rail road one of the gatekeeper of that factory capture him and gave him to the police). Police used third degree of torture on him and used maximum torture so that he can inform the names of his remaining friends. Government offers him if he inform the names of remaining friends Government can release him as soon as possible. But, 18 years old Hemu did not told names till last breath and he bear all the torture and pain. After continuous 22 days of torture, British government court martial to Hemu Kalani and sentences him as Whole Life sentence, but British government revised his punishment and judiciary convert his sentence to Death. Peerzada Abdul Sattar (Hemu’s Lawyer) brings his uncle to signed by Hemu on the apology letter after that British government might release him. But Hemu did not agreed and said “I like to hang instead of apology against the Britain’s rulers, I didn’t do anything wrong that was right what I did”.Hemu refused all the offers which offered by government. At the same night when Hemu hanged, his mother came to him and said him with tears “just write an apology letter and come back” even Hemu refused mother’s appeal. Hemu, the young revoluter refuses all the offers by british rulers and he preferred to be hang. Hemu was happy in the jail, even his weight increased upto 7 pound it shown he was no afraid for his death. 21 January 1943 Hemu hanged in Sukkur Jail (now a days, its know as Sukkur Central Jail 2). When authorities asked to Hemu what is your last wish befor death, he told them “Just before hanging say loudly with me HAIL FREEDOM” as his last wish no one did refuse and said very loudly “HAIL FREEDOM”. Finally Hemu Kalani hanged. Another side, a big historical tragedy that after partition the mother of that patriot son who lost his life for his motherland, Jethi Bayi (Hemu’s mother) left her country due to the religious violence and went to India. Indian government appreciate her because of her patriot son. Nehru, and one of the General of Subhash Chander Boss gave her Civil Awards. While Indhra Gandhi releases memorable postal tickets in behalf of Hemu Kalani. 21 August 2003, BJP placed a statue of Hemu Kalani in the Dehli Parliament. In that ceremony Atal Bihari Vajpayi (Ex – P.M), L K Advani, Ram Jethmalani, Congress Leader Sonia Gandhi and other famous Indian political leaders were there. In memory of Hemu Kalani there is a memorable Building builded in Mumbai by Indian government, the land for this memorable building provided by government free of cost. Although, in 1981 in Sindhu Nagar (Ulhas Nagar), Mumbai a famous chowk named Venus chowk were renamed and gave it new name as “Hemu Kalani Chowk”. On other hand, Hemu who lost his life for Sindh land, ignored by goverment and there is no any memorable place which belongs to Hemu’s name. In Sukkur there was a park named Hemu Kalani Park had renamed by Pakistani Government and gave it new name as “Qasim Park or Lucus Park”. Now we can find Hemu only in the loud speeches of Nationalist Leaders and Sindhi poets. Nonetheless, there is no place for Hemu in his Motherland. Reference: “Inquilabi Vaat” [The Way of Revolution], January – Febuary 2009. Indus Asia Online Journal: A tribute to Amar Shaheed Hemu Kalani By iaoj on 23/03/2011 Amar Shaheed Hemu Kalani. , who took active part in the SWARAJ SENA to fight against British Crown and gave his life for self-rule . He is our hero, whom we have forgotten and even given up to write on, though he deserves enough to be paid heed and tribute. Martyred Hemu Kalani, who is our hero and freedom fighter. The year 1942 was an era of socio-political upheaval, Quit India Movement was in the torrents and British Raj was very much angry on the freedom fighters for their movements. Hemu Kalani had executed by British Raj authorities in Sukkur jail on 21 January 1943. On 26 January 1943, Jawaharlal Nehru, who later became Prime Minister of India, paid tribute to Hemu Kalani in these words; “My mind traveled to sindh where a few days ago a young boy Hemo aged 20 was sent to scaffold by a martial law court for the offence of tampering or attempting to tamper with railway lines. This execution struck me as something which will have far reaching consequences all over India , especially among the youth. The blood of Hemu and others will long stand witness.” After two years, when Jawaharlal Nehru Nehru was came to Karachi, Sindh 1945 he especially visited Sukkur and met with the mother of Amar Shaheed Hemu Kalani and had paid tribute to this hero of Sindh. There is a huge statue of Amar Shaheed Hemu Kalani at Lok Sabha (federal Parliament) in Delhi in front of deputy speaker chamber. There are several roads, streets and schools in Mumbai, Ullhas Nagar (Sindhu Nagar) and other cites that are named on Amar Shaheed Hemu Kalani to pay tribute to this hero of Sindh and sub-continent. Shaikh Ayaz had written his immortal opera in the background of freedom fighters and Bhagat Singh remained the most inspiring man for Ayaz. So for the Hemu Kalani is concerned, we have been hearing the name by the nationalists and especially from the activists of Jeay Sindh. They used to make speeches and deliver the names of the heroes of Sindh. WIKIPEDIA ENCYCLOPEDIA: Early life Hemu Kalani was born in Sukkur, Sindh (now in Pakistan) on 23 March 1923. He was the son of Pesumal Kalani and Jethi Bai. As a child and young man he campaigned with his friends for boycotts of foreign goods and tried to persuade people to use Swadeshi goods. He was drawn to revolutionary activities and started participating in acts of protests with the aim of driving out the British. He was involved in raids and in the burning of vehicles belonging to the Raj. Freedom struggle Hemu Kalani joined Mahatma Gandhi’s Quit India movement when it was started in 1942. Support for the movement in Sindh was such that the British rulers had to send special troops consisting of European battalions. Hemu Kalani found out that a railway train of these troops and their supplies would be passing through his local town and decided to derail it by removing the fishplates from the railway track. This despite the fact that neither he nor his colleagues had the necessary tools and so had to use a rope as a means to loosen the fixings. They were seen by the British troops before being able to complete the sabotage. Hemu was caught, imprisoned and tortured in an attempt to get him to reveal the names of his co-conspirators. He refused to divulge any information, was put on trial and sentenced to death. The people of Sindh petitioned the Viceroy for mercy but the condition of granting it was that the authorities must be told the identity of his co-conspirators. He again refused to pass on the information and he was hanged on 21 January 1943. Legacy India · Tonk city (Rajasthan) has erected statue of Young Martyr Hemu Kalani at the Sawai Madhopur Circle. · Ahmedabad City (Gujarat) has erected Statue of Amar Shaheed Shree Hemu Kalani at the Rajavir Circle. · Indore city has named a road intersection after Hemu Kalani and placed his statue at the centre of the intersection. · A statue of Hemu Kalani is located in the Parliament complex in front of the Deputy Speaker’s office. · Chembur, a suburb of Mumbai with a large Sindhi population, has Hemu Kalani Marg named after the famous freedom fighter. · Ulhasnagar, also known as Sindhunagar has erected Statue of Shaheed Hemu Kalani at the crossing of the road (chowk). · Jodhpur City (Rajasthan) has named a road intersection after Hemu Kalani and placed his statue at the centre of the intersection. · Ajmer City (Rajasthan) has erected Statue of Shaheed Hemu Kalani at the Diggi Bazar Chowk. · Ajmer City (Rajasthan) has a locality in Lakhan Kothri called Hemu Kalani Mohalla. · Delhi City (Lajpat Nagar), located a senior secondary school named Shaheed Hemu Kalani Sarvodaya Bal Vidyalaya. · Kanpur City, has a park named Hemu Kalani park located in the Sindhi Colony area named after Shaheed Hemu Kalani. · Kota City, has a community hall Hemu Kalani Samudayik Bhawan located in the Sahjidera area named after Shaheed Hemu Kalani. · Dhule city in Maharashtra has Shaheed Hemu Kalani Road. · Amalner city in Maharashtra has Shaheed Hemu Kalani Road. · Pimpri-Chinchwad city in Maharashtra has a children’s park named Hemu Kalani Garden and a society named Hemu Kalani Housing Society located in Pimpri. · Bhilwara city in Rajasthan has a Road Square in Sindhu Nagar named as Hemu Kalani Chowk. · Neemuch city in Madhya Pradesh has a Road Square named Hemu Kalani Chowk with an erected Statue of Shaheed Hemu Kalani. Sindh · Hemu Kalani Park, Sukkur – was later renamed to Qasim Park